The 2021 U.S. Corn Harvest Produces High Yields of Good Quality

Wagner noted that the second half of the harvest was a bit difficult to fight off the mud because after a dry summer they had a wet fall. “The ground conditions held up well until the last rain / snow events when things got really sloppy so I think it’s safe to say we’re heading into winter with a full moisture profile. . The humidity was in the range of 18-20% when we started and never really went down throughout the harvest. “

The corn harvest in central South Dakota has been mixed, especially given the drought conditions during the summer, noted Tim Luken, manager of Oahe Grain in Onida, South Dakota. “This harvest depended on where it rained, when and the history of the crops. It started to rain on the last 1/3 of August and that until mid-September. Our region received 8 inches of rain at that time and every bit of it soaked up and made the corn and soybeans green again. When that happened it delayed our fall harvest by about three weeks. . In the meantime, this put specific weight on the corn, milo and sunflowers and helped complete maturity. “

Luken said they finally had a fatal frost the second week of October. “Our corn yields were all over the map from zero to 185 bpa. Corn production was definitely down for us. In 2020 we dumped 1.8 million bushels of corn and this year we only dumped 700,000 bushels. The quality was excellent with 57.3 (lb) specific gravity and humidity of 15.9%. If I had to guess the overall yields I would call it an average of 105-110 bpa, up from 145-190 bpa in 2020. “

Roxi Thompson, of Thompson Land and Livestock in Harmony, Minnesota, said, “We had a good harvest in Southeast Minnesota and maybe our second best corn yield, while soybean yields were average. On the whole farm our corn produced 224.3 bpy and the test weights in the ethanol plants are very good at 57 lbs up to 59 lbs. Our rainfall was very limited during the growing season, so we were grateful to have a good harvest and especially grateful for the warm weather throughout the harvest which saved the expense of propane for drying the corn.

“Considering the warmer temperatures, the dryer was more efficient and we used 12,350 gallons of propane less for the 2021 crop. In fact, we didn’t need to dry the last 20,000 bushels that came out of the box. field at 15.5% to 16.5% humidity. Last August we booked propane for $ 1.47 with a down payment of $ 0.10. That was about a 50% increase from the 2020 price, ”Thompson said.

“The crop was probably the best I have seen in my life with many fields averaging 200 bushels and over for corn and 50 bpf and over for soybeans,” said Matt Schwab, from the north. -East Michigan. “The harvest conditions were difficult with saturated soils and frequent rains in October and November, but we will take the good with the bad! “

In New Haven, Ky., Quint Pottinger said, “Our corn crop has been generally good. We try to spread out our crops to spread our risk and because of that we hardly ever hit a home run, but we are constantly improving our baseline average. in this way.

“We had farms averaging over 250 bpa and others averaging less than 150 bpa. I had one brand (yes the entire brand, not the variety) that completely fell through. but not this year. I discussed this with my rep and his response was that I should have used a fungicide. We reclaim our acres as needed with fungicides, but I’m not sure that’s the whole problem. If a competing brand has similar characteristics, planting dates and growing conditions, then the differences in yield cannot be attributed to the fungicide. If so, this brand has serious issues in the development of its pipeline. Nonetheless, our biggest problem with the disparity in performance was the brand. We won’t be removing it from our seed line entirely, but we will reduce the acres and go back to the drawing board to place varieties, ”Pottinger said.

Pottinger added: “Fortunately, we didn’t have too many breakdowns during the harvest. The problem of having a few affected parts around us, slowing them down. We only had one problem which cost us a week. Overall our quality was good. and the distilleries are happy with it so far! “

Randy Uhrmacher, of Hastings, Nebraska, said: “Overall we had a record corn crop with irrigated corn at over 250 bpa, dry corn at 100 bpa at just under 200 bpa, according to the amount of rain. Rain has been patchy this summer, but disease pressure was low this year. “

Kenny Reinke, of Neligh, Nebraska, said: “There have been times when we have irrigated very heavily, but still haven’t been as intense as in 2012. The yields we saw this fall in were worth it. Soybeans were close to record yields. for the farm, although I saw the highest cash yields ever on soybeans and the size of the beans was very important this year which played a role in the yields. “

Reinke added, “Our corn has set farm yield records with very good quality, which is the status quo for our region. We had one of the last killer frosts I can remember this year which caused the corn to haul more than we expected given the growing season we had. Last week the frost finally had an effect (on) the moisture content of the corn falling to a point during this time. Work continues to be a huge strain, especially during harvest. I had to be very creative with the schedules and the planning to make everything go as smoothly as possible. “

Quentin Connealy, of Tekamah, Nebraska, said, “The bean harvest has been a bit slow with delayed rain and weather. We started the year with a corn harvest as we had some early digits that dry well in the field for an early harvest. Fall corn harvest has gone slowly and steadily as we have established record yields in the area thanks to the heavy rains during the growing season. We are mostly irrigated but haven’t had to do much irrigation this year. All the bins filled up and we shipped a little extra to the elevators to complete the harvest. “

Considering the high-ranking quality report from the USGC and most farmers and grain elevators, the whole of 2021 appears to have been “an incredible harvest with ‘astonishing’ yields,” noted Connealy.

Mary Kennedy can be reached at [email protected]

Follow her on Twitter @MaryCKenn

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